Thousand and One Goals
(1844 - 1900)
sublime one saw I today, a solemn one, a penitent of the
spirit: Oh, how my soul laughed at his ugliness! (thus
saw Zarathustra, and many peoples: thus he discovered the
good and bad of many peoples. No greater power did Zarathustra
find on earth than good and bad.
could live without first valuing; if a people will maintain
itself, however, it must not value as its neighbour valueth.
passed for good with one people was regarded with scorn and
contempt by another: thus I found it. Much found I here called
bad, which was there decked with purple honours.
did the one neighbour understand the other: ever did his soul
marvel at his neighbour's delusion and wickedness.
of excellencies hangeth over every people. Lo! it is the table
of their triumphs; lo! it is the voice of their Will to Power.
laudable, what they think hard; what is indispensable and
hard they call good; and what relieveth in the direst distress,
the unique and hardest of all,- they extol as holy.
maketh them rule and conquer and shine, to the dismay and
envy of their neighbours, they regard as the high and foremost
thing, the test and the meaning of all else.
my brother, if thou knewest but a people's need, its land,
its sky, and its neighbour, then wouldst thou divine the law
of its surmountings, and why it climbeth up that ladder to
shalt thou be the foremost and prominent above others: no
one shall thy jealous soul love, except a friend"- that
made the soul of a Greek thrill: thereby went he his way to
speak truth, and be skilful with bow and arrow"- so seemed
it alike pleasing and hard to the people from whom cometh
my name- the name which is alike pleasing and hard to me.
honour father and mother, and from the root of the soul to
do their will"- this table of surmounting hung another
people over them, and became powerful and permanent thereby.
have fidelity, and for the sake of fidelity to risk honour
and blood, even in evil and dangerous courses"- teaching
itself so, another people mastered itself, and thus mastering
itself, became pregnant and heavy with great hopes.
men have given unto themselves all their good and bad. Verily,
they took it not, they found it not, it came not unto them
as a voice from heaven.
did man only assign to things in order to maintain himself-
he created only the significance of things, a human significance!
Therefore, calleth he himself "man," that is, the
is creating: hear it, ye creating ones! Valuation itself is
the treasure and jewel of the valued things.
valuation only is there value; and without valuation the nut
of existence would be hollow. Hear it, ye creating ones!
of values- that is, change of the creating ones. Always doth
he destroy who hath to be a creator.
ones were first of all peoples, and only in late times individuals;
verily, the individual himself is still the latest creation.
once hung over them tables of the good. Love which would rule
and love which would obey, created for themselves such tables.
is the pleasure in the herd than the pleasure in the ego:
and as long as the good conscience is for the herd, the bad
conscience only saith: ego.
the crafty ego, the loveless one, that seeketh its advantage
in the advantage of many- it is not the origin of the herd,
but its ruin.
ones, was it always, and creating ones, that created good
and bad. Fire of love gloweth in the names of all the virtues,
and fire of wrath.
saw Zarathustra, and many peoples: no greater power did Zarathustra
find on earth than the creations of the loving ones- "good"
and "bad" are they called.
a prodigy is this power of praising and blaming. Tell me,
ye brethren, who will master it for me? Who will put a fetter
upon the thousand necks of this animal?
goals have there been hitherto, for a thousand peoples have
there been. Only the fetter for the thousand necks is still
lacking; there is lacking the one goal. As yet humanity hath
not a goal.
tell me, my brethren, if the goal of humanity be still lacking,
is there not also still lacking- humanity itself?Thus spake
qu'on fait n'est jamais compris mais seulement loué ou blâmé.
Nietzsche, Gay Science