The history of the original works and their early translations into English is as follows: Musicae Compendium (written 1618, published 1650); Renatus Des-Cartes Excellent Compendium of Musick (1653); Regulae ad Directionem Ingenii (written 1628, published 1701); Le Monde de Mr Descartes; ou, le traité de la lumière (written 1633, published 1664); Discours de la méthode pour bien conduire sa raison, & chercher la verité dans les sciences. Plus la dioptrique; les meteores; et la geometrie (1637; A Discourse of a Method for the Wel-guiding of Reason, and the Discovery of Truth in Sciences, 1649); Meditationes de Prima Philosophia (1641; and its 2nd ed., with Objectiones Septimae, 1642; Six Metaphysical Meditations; Wherein It Is Proved That There Is a God, 1680); Principia Philosophiae (1644); and Les Passions de l'âme (1649; The Passions of the Soule, 1650). Descartes's correspondence has been collected in Lettres de Mr Descartes: où sont traittées plusieurs belles questions touchant la morale, physique, medecine, & les mathematiques, ed. by Claude Clerselier, 3 vol. (1666–67); and Correspondance, ed. by Charles Adam and Gaston Milhaud, 8 vol. (1936–63, reprinted 1970). The standard edition of complete works is the multivolume Oeuvres de Descartes, ed. by Charles Adam and Paul Tannery, published several times since it appeared in 12 vol. with a supplement in 1897–1913. See it in a later edition, 11 vol. in 13 (1974–82). It includes Descartes's correspondence. Modern translations into English, many with valuable commentaries, include such selections as The Philosophical Works of Descartes, trans. by Elizabeth S. Haldane and G.R.T. Ross, 2 vol. (1911–12, reprinted 1978); The Philosophical Writings of Descartes, trans. by John Cottingham, Robert Stoothoff, and Dugald Murdoch, 2 vol. (1984–85); Descartes: Philosophical Letters, trans. and ed. by Anthony Kenny (1970, reprinted 1981); Descartes' Conversation with Burman, trans. by John Cottingham (1976); Le Monde; ou, traité de la lumière, trans. into English by Michael Sean Mahoney (1979); Treatise of Man, trans. by Thomas Steele Hall (1972); Discourse on Method, Optics, Geometry, and Meteorology, trans. by Paul J. Olscamp (1965); Principles of Philosophy, trans. by Valentine Rodger Miller and Reese P. Miller (1983); The Passions of the Soul, trans. by Stephen Voss (1989); and Descartes, His Moral Philosophy and Psychology, trans. by John J. Blom (1978).

 

additional reading

 

Descartes's philosophical doctrine is studied in many works, beginning with his contemporaries and continuing into present-day scholarship. See Benedictus de Spinoza, The Principles of Descartes' Philosophy, trans. from Latin by Halbert Hains Britan (1905, reprinted 1974); Henri Gouhier, Les Premières pensées de Descartes: contribution à l'histoire de l'anti-Renaissance, 2nd ed. (1979), and La Pensée métaphysique de Descartes, 4th ed. (1987); Jean Laporte, Le Rationalisme de Descartes (1950); Geneviève Rodis-Lewis, L' OEuvre de Descartes, 2 vol. (1971); Maxime Leroy, Descartes: le philosophe au masque (1929); Norman Kemp Smith, New Studies in the Philosophy of Descartes: Descartes as Pioneer (1952, reprinted 1987); Willis Doney (ed.), Descartes: A Collection of Critical Essays (1967); Anthony Kenny, Descartes: A Study of His Philosophy (1968, reprinted 1987); and Ferdinand Alquié, Descartes, new ed. (1969), in French; Hiram Caton, The Origin of Subjectivity: An Essay on Descartes (1973); Margaret Dauler Wilson, Descartes (1978, reprinted 1982); E.M. Curley, Descartes Against the Skeptics (1978); Nicolas Grimaldi, L'Expérience de la pensée dans la philosophie de Descartes (1978); Bernard Williams, Descartes: The Project of Pure Enquiry (1978); Michael Hooker (ed.), Descartes: Critical and Interpretative Essays (1978); John Cottingham, Descartes (1986); Peter J. Markie, Descartes's Gambit (1986); Willis Doney (ed.), Eternal Truths and the Cartesian Circle: A Collection of Studies (1987); Geneviève Rodis-Lewis (ed.), Méthode et métaphysique chez Descartes (1987); Gregor Sebba, The Dream of Descartes, ed. by Richard A. Watson (1987); and Theo Verbeek (ed.), La Querelle d'Utrecht: René Descartes et Martin Schoock (1988).Descartes's theology and ontology are explored in Etienne Gilson, Études sur le rôle de la pensée médiévale dans la formation du système cartésien, 4th ed. (1975); Henri Gouhier, La Pensée religieuse de Descartes, 2nd rev. ed. (1972); J.-R. Armogathe, Theologia cartesiana: l'explication physique de l'Eucharistie chez Descartes et dom Desgabets (1977); Martial Guéroult, Descartes' Philosophy Interpreted According to the Order of Reasons, 2 vol. (1984–85; originally published in French, 1953); and Jean-Luc Marion, Sur la théologie blanche de Descartes: analogie, création des vérités éternelles et fondement (1981), Sur l'ontologie grise de Descartes: science cartésienne et savoir aristotélicien dans les Regulae (1975), and Sur le prisme métaphysique de Descartes: constitution et limites de l'onto-théo-logie dans la pensée cartésienne (1986). For Descartes the scientist and mathematician, see J.F. Scott, The Scientific Work of René Descartes (1952, reprinted 1987); Stephen Gaukroger (ed.), Descartes: Philosophy, Mathematics, and Physics (1980); Desmond M. Clarke, Descartes' Philosophy of Science (1982); Geneviève Rodis-Lewis (ed.), La Science chez Descartes (1987); and William R. Shea, The Magic of Numbers and Motion: The Scientific Career of René Descartes (1991). Interpretative studies of Descartes's separate works include René Descartes, Discourse de la méthode, text and commentary by Etienne Gilson, 6th ed. (1987); Jean-Marie Beyssade, La Philosophie premiére de Descartes: le temps et la cohérence de la métaphysique (1979); Henri Gouhier, Descartes: essais sur le “Discours de la méthode,” la métaphysique et la morale, 3rd ed. (1973); L.J. Beck, The Metaphysics of Descartes: A Study of the Meditations (1965, reprinted 1979); Alexander Sesonske and Noel Fleming (eds.), Meta-meditations (1965); Frederick Broadie, An Approach to Descartes' Meditations (1970); Harry G. Frankfurt, Demons, Dreamers, and Madmen: The Defense of Reason in Descartes's Meditations (1970, reprinted 1987); Richard B. Carter, Descartes' Medical Philosophy: The Organic Solution to the Mind-Body Problem (1983); and Amélie Oksenberg Rorty (ed.), Essays on Descartes' Meditations (1986).


Bibliographies
Gregor Sebba, Bibliographia Cartesiana: A Critical Guide to the Descartes Literature, 1800–1960 (1964), is an informative bibliography covering biographical and doctrinal books and articles. See also Vere Chappell and Willis Doney (eds.), Twenty-Five Years of Descartes Scholarship, 1960–1984: A Bibliography (1987).